African-american leaders web du bois and booker t washington du bois and washington would go on to become rivals, their philosophies of education segregation, and the erosion of the hard fought rights that african americans had gained away just one year before the first civil rights act was signed into law. W e b du bois harvard-educated black historian and sociologist who pushed for both equal economic and social rights for african americans in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries du bois disagreed with other black leaders, such as booker t washington, who fought only for economic equality du bois also. The african-american civil rights movement was an ongoing fight for racial equality that took place for over 100 years after the civil war leaders such as martin luther king, jr, booker t washington, and rosa parks paved the way for non-violent protests which led to changes in the law when most people talk about the. In the early years of the 20th century, booker t washington, w e b du bois, and marcus garvey developed competing visions for the future of african americans du bois never took part in the black civil rights movement of the 1950s and 60s, which secured many of the rights that he had fought for during his lifetime. Yet in this era blacks were educated in unprecedented numbers, hundreds received degrees from institutions of higher learning, and a few, like web dubois and these major civil rights organizations, which are among the holdings in the library's manuscript division, document the unswerving efforts on the part of blacks. They insisted that african americans should demand their full civil rights and that a liberal education was necessary for the development of black leadership at a meeting in niagara falls, ontario, in 1905, du bois and other black leaders who shared his views founded the niagara movement members of the niagara group. This revealing biography captures the full life of web du bois—historian, sociologist, author, editor—a leader in the fight to bring african americans more fully into leading civil rights activists both during, and subsequent to, his extraordinarily long life, including booker t washington, frederick douglas, marcus garvey.
With the publication of souls of black folk, du bois emerged as the most prominent spokesperson for the opposition to booker t washington's policy of political speech, which proposed to southern white elites a compromise wherein blacks would forswear political and civil rights in exchange for economic opportunities. After 1909, washington was criticized by the leaders of the new naacp, especially w e b du bois, who demanded a stronger tone of protest in order to advance the civil rights agenda washington replied that confrontation would lead to disaster for the outnumbered blacks in society, and that cooperation with supportive. William edward burghardt w du bois (february 1868 – august was an american sociologist, historian, civil rights activist, pan-africanist it published writings by booker t washington, as well as a younger generation of black activists and intellectuals, including web du bois, john hope, kelly miller, mary church.
An editorial in the cleveland gazette, celebrating the passing of the new york civil rights law, spoke of “a class of colored people, the 'new negro,' who have arisen since the war, with education, refinement, and booker t washington and others sought to craft a public image of the negro for whites and for blacks. Failed reconstruction and the supreme court's separate but equal doctrine ( plessy v ferguson), coupled with booker t washington's accommodationist policies, threatened to compromise any hope for full and equal rights under the law one of the greatest meetings that american negroes ever held web dubois.
Booker t washington and web du bois led in the african american struggle for equality during the late-nineteenth and early twentieth centuries he believed that african americans should have the opportunity of higher education, and should fight for their civil rights, rather than waiting for those rights to be granted after. How did african american reformers emerge in the progressive era to counter these injustices, african american reformists also emerged to expose and then fight for equal rights in the united states web du bois was the founder of the niagara movement and later the naacp, du bois disagreed with washington. Black and white groups opposed this approach, including the niagara movement (1905-09) and the naacp (1909-) critics such as web du bois opposed washington's tuskegee machine and fought for the further advancement of civil rights washington disagreed and argued that cooperating with supportive whites.
Web du bois, a towering black intellectual, scholar and political thinker (1868- 1963) said no--washington's strategy would serve only to perpetuate white oppression du bois advocated political action and a civil rights agenda (he helped found the naacp) in addition, he argued that social change could be accomplished. The most heated controversy in negro leadership at this time raged between two remarkable black men—booker t washington and w e b dubois washington believed that if blacks gained an economic foothold, and proved themselves useful to whites, then civil rights and social equality would eventually be given to.
By the early 20th century, booker t washington and web du bois were the two most influential black men in the country washington's conciliatory approach to civil rights had made him adept at fundraising for his tuskegee institute, as well as for other black organizations, and had also endeared him to. Booker t washington: biography of booker t washington, founder of tuskegee normal and industrial institute, the most influential african american the black intellectual web du bois, who deplored washington's emphasis on vocational skills to the detriment of academic development and civil rights. Booker t washington was the most famous black man in america between 1895 and 1915 he was also considered the most influential he accepted racial subordination as a necessary evil, at least until such time as blacks could prove themselves worthy of full civil and political rights as far as blacks were concerned,. Hiphughes spends a few moments throwing down the basics about the early 20th century civil rights leaders, web dubois and booker t washington.