S afr j sci 2012 108(11/12) san origins and transition to the later stone age: new research from border cave, south africa author: peter mitchell1,2 affiliations: 1school of archaeology university of oxford, oxford united kingdom 2school of geography archaeology and environmental studies. Age structural transition in south africa ps nair department of population studies, university of botswana [email protected] abstract this chapter deals with the current age structure and the age structural transi- tion (ast) underway in south africa we have used the national census data for 1996 and 2001 and the. The analyses thus distinguished between countries where transition was already ongoing and those where it had not yet begun within each of the two groups, there was no clear link between age difference between spouses and the fertility level the situation may have changed since the start of fertility decline in africa. Chronology of the acheulean to middle stone age transition in eastern africa while recent investigations in northern africa suggest the coeval evolution of homo sapiens sensu lato and the msa in the middle pleistocene (6, 7), the earliest msa predates current evidence for the first appearance of h. An unequivocal reversal in africa's fertility transition the largest percentage fertility declines by age group appear for women aged 15-19 this pattern suggests that women are delaying the start of reproduction beyond this youngest reproductive age group, fertility declines are similar for younger and older age groups for. This article reports findings from two exploratory qualitative studies of the relationship between age norms, family role transitions, and the caregiving responsibilities of mothers, grandmothers, and great-grandmothers in multigeneration african american families families defined as having normative on-time transitions (n. Worldwide, the bronze age generally followed the neolithic period, with the chalcolithic serving as a transition although the iron age generally followed the bronze age, in some areas (such as sub-saharan africa), the iron age intruded directly on the neolithic bronze age cultures differed in their development of the first. Prudence international magazine by annika s hipple in nigeria, young girls known as iriabo spend several weeks in “fattening rooms” being pampered and wearing copper coils around their legs to restrict movement as part of a ritual marking their official transition into womanhood in senegal, bassari boys.
John b casterline and samuel agyei-mensah trends in age at marriage and the onset of fertility transition in sub-saharan africa véronique hertrich family planning the impact of contraceptive use and abortion on fertility in sub- saharan africa: estimates for 2003–2014 susheela singh, akinrinola bankole, and. Transition-age foster youth (pecora et al, 2009) findings from the northwest alumni study of people between the ages of 20 and 33 who were formerly in foster care demonstrate that 20 percent of participants had three or more psychiatric disorders compared with 3 percent of the general population another study of african. Africas-transition-reportjpg a recent report the title africa's demographic transition: dividend or disaster (see footnote 1) but most important among concurrent or subsequent initiatives are investments in education, and the provision of sufficient jobs to a booming working-age population from the.
Among adolescent international migrants, the sex ratio is close to equilibrium, with a small surplus of boys at the worldwide level (53% at age 15-19), while girls outnumber boys in sub-saharan africa (51%), especially in western africa (53%) (united nations, 2013) adolescent girls are also strongly represented in internal. Over the last 40 years, the question of the “african exception” has regularly come to the forefront in the discussion of fertility trends in the 1980s, there was uncertainty about when fertility decline would commence throughout the region: while fertility was declining at a steady pace in latin america and asia. Increased population density is among the proposed drivers of the behavioural changes culminating in the middle to later stone age (msa–lsa) transition and human dispersals from east africa, but reliable archaeological measures of demographic change are lacking we use late pleistocene–holocene.
Zimbabwe's recent political crisis has provided a lens into the challenges many african countries face in transitioning from their founding liberation movement political structures to genuine, participatory democracies left to right: members of the sudan people's liberation army in south sudan an african. This project investigates the causes of the major archaeological change in the period of 40000-20000 bc in south africa. Countries of sub-saharan africa, little is known on the precise timing and the speed of the fertility transition in the continent this study key words — fertility, fertility trend, demographic transition, contraception, demographic and health surveys women who were in this age group in the past but were older at the time of.
A longstanding debate in africa concerns the precise chronological and cultural relation- ship of the msa (middle stone age) to the lsa (later stone age) in sub -saharan africa, this is sometimes because there is a question over the definition of the lsa or it is a matter of poor chronological control (for recent discussion.
An understanding of the age of the acheulian and the transition to the middle stone age in southern africa has been hampered by a lack of reliable dates for key sequences in the region a number of researchers have hypothesised that the acheulian first occurred simultaneously in southern and eastern. Moreover, in several countries, birth intervals are now too long to be explicable by birth spacing contingent on the age of women's youngest child rather, women are postponing births for other reasons these findings offer empirical support for the idea that the fertility transition in sub-saharan africa is following a different. This overall improvement in nutrition and health is reflected in the very low current levels of stunting in high-income countries, like the uk (6% stunting in children under 5 years of age)  from this review, stunting in under-5-year-old children in contemporary africa is on average six times greater than that. “the growth in africa's working-age population will be relentless and inevitable,” said punam chuhan-pole, acting chief economist for the world bank africa region “the good news is that with the right policies and actions today, countries can accelerate the region's transition to smaller families, healthier.